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Hydrogen – The Clean Fuel of the Future

 

The aim of this page is to prove the safety and reliability of Hydrogen based devices as fuels for everyday use.

There are various technologies in use & being researched that use Hydrogen as a fuel. This site focuses on one particular device, the hydrogen valve, built by Mr. Pankaj Degaonkar. The site also gives a brief history of hydrogen and the romance associated with it since it was first discovered and probable uses in different industries and various motorized vehicles.

Video Clips of the fuel being used. Clip 1 Clip 2

 

Photographs of the demo: pic 1 pic 2 pic 3 pic 4 pic 5 pic 6 pic 7 pic 8

Contents

 

Work Information

Primary Contact: Mr. Pankaj Degaonkar.

 

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Technical Data

 

1. Mileage is just three time of that of Petrol or Diesel Vehicle.
2. Efficiency is improved at least 10 % e.g. Noise, Vibration & Harshness reduction.
3. Pollution to Air is virtual zero, except for NOX emissions ( not in any standards)

As compared to Petrol Vehicles 3 % CO, 4000 ppm Unburnt Hydrocarbons.

As compared to Diesel Vehicles 65 HSU (Hartridge Smoke Units)

My research dates back to about 10 years + my fathers over 30 years, thus 40 man decade hours has been spent, My father is also a resource person to MoST besides a Patentee
.

 

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Contact Information

E-mail address

psdspd@vsnl.com. Please mail all enquiries to this address for a response within 24 hours.

Web address

http://hydrogenfuel.tripod.com

 

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Current Projects

  • Usage of hydrogen to power automobile engines
  • Hydrogen to generate enough power to pull a 600hp locomotive.

 

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Experience

 

Mr. S. M. Degaonkar & Mr. P. S. Degaonkar are both Consulting Engineers with decades of Industrial experience. Both have a flair for i.c engines since their childhood and have developed mastery over the intricacies involved. They have experimented with Controlled Hydrogen Gas Combustion by over 1000 successful trials during the past decade.  Mr. S. M. Degaonkar is the recipient of The Indian Patent in the year 1993 entitled ‘Hydrogen Gas Burner ‘. After a couple of years the duo determined to lead Hydrogen – The Millennium Fuel. Being the first of its kind in India, their achievement in innovation of Internal Combustion Engines using the Best Available Technology reveals the Core knowledge combined with Management of applications such as Self-propelling Vehicle, Pumping, Power generation, Welding Torches, Industrial Heating/Melting etc.

 They recall troubles faced during initial launching of LPG as Domestic/Cooking Gas about 30 years ago. Hydrogen has the higher Ignition Temperature and as such cannot ignite below 570° C in air at STP. (LPG 365° C). Thus making it less risky in application contrary to popular notion

 

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Uses

 

Hydrogen gas is generated through one of  the chemical processes using metallic waste material and spent acid slurry, which are cheapest  and easy available. Safety is assured by Fail Safe Design (computer assisted) and providing a fine bore opening for MHG to enter any given burning support system (Carburetor in case of Petrol Cars),  automatically/manually controlled  valves and Patented Hydrogen Gas Burning System. The system can be geared up to any capacity by introduction of computerized Instrumentation & Control. The by-product salt can be used for Industrial Application viz Sewage/Effluent Treatment Plant, Paper Industry, Electroplating and is already in use in many  medicinal Preparation  all over the world. Hence the Gas available will be  at a reduced cost ! The MHG KIT is also suitable for LPG KIT with  a few modifications. This method is far superior than any other Hydrogen Technologies e.g. Fuel Cell based Hydrogen Powered Car conceived over 30 years ago  in which Hydrogen & Oxygen are generated by Electrolysis, running an electric wheel motor. This technology is  facing economic problems worldwide because it is  energy intensive, the internal combustion engines would be added to the Non Performing Asset. The Patentee marks that this  has input of other chemicals in battery for stabilization etc.  

Three basic Applications are worked out and first 2 are demonstrated as below :

1.                  Automobile Sector

2.                  Power Sector

3.                  Agricultural Sector

 

Other applications are being currently worked out :

4.                  Industrial Heating/Melting

5.                  General Heating

6.                  Domestic/Cooking Gas

7.                  Gas Lantern (lamp)

   

 

1.      Automobile Sector

Today in Mumbai & New Delhi Auto-exhaust pollution contributes to over 70 % and similar figures in other metros. Hydrogen Car is the only solution as there is no pollution to air (Nox minimal due to N2 from Air) of any kind as water is the product of combustion! (even at highest speed, unlike Petrol/Diesel/LPG/CNG which emit more CO & HC when accelerated)  All that one has to do is to install MHG-KIT and run an automobile, its commercial refilling stations would be  available once the administration clears it in principle. It is about 3 times better in Calorific Value than Petrol or Diesel/LPG/CNG, hence projected kilometre average  for a given by car would be near about three times, while currently being high priced (tentatively) INR 100/kg  and prevent our further increase in Oil Pool Deficit. The MHG kit is priced at INR 17,500/- for 4 wheelers upto 2000 cc Petrol cars & INR 20,000/- for 4 wheelers (2000 to 3000 cc) Diesel vehicles. For Trucks/20-30 tonner containers at INR 25,000/- for 6 to 12 wheels Diesel vehicles. In either case petrol or Diesel the first fill of hydrogen gas, storage vessel & registration charges are not included.

    

 

The other advantages are  about  10% higher rpm/power is achieved during the same time, less noise and vibration (due to lowest density of MHG) and naturally free from Carbon, Sulphur and more notoriuos Benzene (a carcinogen) in Indian Fuels  & its compounds.

 In the first phase 3/4 wheeler automobiles LCV/MCV can be put to extensive road trials after which its commercialisation program would follow for Petrol & Diesel Cars. This MHG Technology is a boon for the Transport Sector particularly HCV :  Buses, Trucks, Tankers, Trailers and Construction Machineries e.g. Cranes, can be simultaneously worked out being few in number and availability of ample storage space. This is intended  to benefit the common man  by maintaining the priceline, particularly for Consumer Sector.

 In the second phase 2 wheelers can be adapted for operations (optimisation of storage space to be done).

 

2.      Power Sector (Really Captive Power)

The Plan is to generate Clean & Green Power, Project Affected Persons (PAP) = 0, The biggest advantage is that no initial auxiliary Power is required to operate the plant. The plant can be switched ON/OFF whenever  required which prevents over billing  during peak hours (due to the current high slab rate) and also prevents the depletion of fuel resources ! Thus Peak Power Demand can be easily met, such Plants would be of importance particularly in the rural areas and out

 

skirt of cities where there is  lot of scope for Industrial development. The local persons can be inducted and trained which will assist to solve unemployment problem to a substantial level. The Project Cost is approximated at INR 1.5 CRORES PER MEGAWATT, while one unit can be sold to Hydrogen Electricity Consumers at an appx price INR 1.50 , with appropriate security deposit in advance assuming that by-product is sold and power generated at 440 V, 3 phase, 4 wire, sinusoidal, 50 Hz  and  such plant capacity would be upto 10 MVA ( Mutliple Nos of 1 MVA), covering 440 V underground cabling over a radius upto 1km with 4 or 6 Main Distribution Boards. There after the cabling/wiring cost will be borne by the consumer. Further, the other advantages of this Hydrogen based system is that it eliminates HT/EHT (Transformers), T& D Network !  This kind of modular system can prevent  the night mare of total system breakdown endemic in our power grids.

 

The MHG Kit for Diesel & HFO Genset is priced at INR 7.5 LACS & INR 10 LACS respectively. Using MHG as alternate fuel to Diesel or HFO. The price per unit of energy is INR 1.50 appox. assuming sale of by products, recycling, a good working genset within first 10 years of its existing 25 years life

 

White Paper on Power

 

Worlds Power requirement by 2011 AD

is 6,00,000 MW

 

While in India it is 1,00,000 MW

Assuming 1 MW = INR 4.5 CRORES

The project cost works out to 4.5 lac crores or

 

Using MHG technology this can be just halved !

 

There is nil pollution to air ! (No Carbon dioxide emissions )

 

By providing 1 MW per village, thus there is no

displacement of persons !

 

Provide free(at cost plus) hot water and airconditioning.

 

Thus the fossil fuels can be phased out by increasing MHG Power Houses,

Not Power Plants !

 

3.      Agriculture/Chemical & Fertilizer Sector

Water Pumping, dewatering applications for our immense Irrigation system.  MHG generated at site as a fuel eliminates liquid hydrocarbon fuel pipelines  criss-crossing geographic terrains which are prone  to earthquakes etc posing a constant threat to the Eco-system and Civilians. This real captive nature can also help to curtail subsidies particularly for the Core  & Infra structure Sector.

 The inherent advantages of Hydrogen fuel  in its economy can result in restarting  Sick  Public Sector Units/ Sick Private companies, re/employ  persons and boost industrial productivity.         

 

Claims : 

1.                  MHG Technology can give 3 times the current fuel average ! for Automobile & Power Generation.

 

2.                  We are confident of achieving 6 times power per cylinder!!  if 4 stroke i.c engines are converted to 2 stroke with our expertise MHG Technology as fuel for both Automobile & Power generation. If DG/HFO Gensets are modified this can easily meet our Nation’s Peak Power Demand indigenously !

3.                  The inter conversion/ recovery of the input metallic waste material has further enhanced the possibility of securing this venture  its rightful place in the Global Context  in the Millennium. Let us remember that  Energy saved is Energy Generated.

 

CAUTION :  IT IS DANGEROUS TO GENERATE & USE HYDROGEN GAS ! EVEN TO THOSE WELL ACQUAINTED WITH FACILITIES. The design parameters are the result of long years of sustained & painstaking research with over 1000 trials under strict controlled conditions. We urge not to duplicate/imitate. The concept is protected under INDIAN PATENT ACT, 1970. We do not take any responsibilities for the misuse or abuse under any pretext whatsoever after this Press Release. We have No agents anywhere.